The history center will sit squarely at the intersection of Madison’s State Street and Wisconsin’s Capitol Square, serving as a hub of community engagement and civic activity. The 100,000-square-foot landmark will provide access to the state’s venerable collection of nearly 290 million items.
The rotated building form looks beyond Madison to physically and symbolically connect with all of Wisconsin — an extension of a museum experience that will center the voices of communities across the state and widen what is known about Wisconsin and North American history. The lenticular facade gives the building depth and movement, revealing new perspectives as one’s vantage point changes. Local materials including weathered zinc, embossed stainless steel, granite, and glass create an exterior inspired by Wisconsin’s ever-changing landscapes, the movement of the surrounding lakes, and the state’s rich history of industry and innovation.
“This faceted and layered facade symbolizes that history is complex, dimensional, and told from multiple perspectives,” said Monteil Crawley, Lead Designer for Wisconsin’s history center. “The architectural design is bold and dynamic yet very intentionally welcoming and comfortable for all guests. It will be an engaging and enlivening place for the community to gather and a landmark destination for visitors.”
Visitors will be welcomed into a large, open lobby that will feature space for public programming, a retail storefront, and dedicated areas to serve students and community groups. The lobby will lead to an expansive wooden staircase resembling an ancient dugout canoe, inspired by the region’s long history of water travel and the recent recovery of two Native American dugout canoes from Madison’s Lake Mendota. The staircase will offer views of the Capitol and serve as an active gathering space for free public programming with an adjoining cafe.
The second floor will house a rotating community gallery that will provide a platform for local history organizations and other groups from across Wisconsin to share their unique histories, as well as a changing gallery large enough to bring the nation’s most sought-after traveling exhibits to Wisconsin.
The third floor will be home to two permanent galleries. The first gallery will be a celebration of Wisconsin’s identity in American culture, featuring objects from the society’s film, television, music, and media collections. The second gallery will be an interactive exploration of American experiences, including the history of the democracy, examples of engaged citizenship, and experiences of the region’s Sovereign Nations.
The fourth floor will feature an immersive gallery that evokes the feeling of being outdoors among Wisconsin’s vast and varied landscapes that have sustained human life and seen thousands of years of resourcefulness, ingenuity, and innovation. From one-of-a-kind items from the society's agricultural collection, to interactive exhibits that place visitors among shipwrecks of the Great Lakes and treasured recreational pastimes like hunting, fishing, and boating, guests will explore the unique reciprocal relationships Wisconsin people have forged with the natural world over thousands of years. Two adjoining terraces overlook Capitol Square, Lake Mendota, and the Driftless Area in the distance, providing a direct connection between the exhibit experience and the landscapes beyond the walls of the building.
The fifth floor offers event spaces designed to host a variety of public and private gatherings. The space connects to a rooftop terrace that invites the community to experience views of the Capitol, the Madison Isthmus, area lakes, and beyond.
The history center replaces the Wisconsin Historical Museum, which was located in the space of a former hardware store and unable to adequately provide access to the state’s collections to school groups and residents. The new center will be located on the site of the former museum and two adjacent properties on Carroll Street. It will welcome more than 200,000 guests annually and double the number of students served to 60,000.
“As the Wisconsin Historical Society’s new front door, the history center will be a hub of engagement and reflection, a place that draws people in and invites them to explore the stories behind the state’s history and culture in ways that have never before been offered,” said Christian Øverland, the Ruth & Hartley Barker Director and CEO of the Wisconsin Historical Society. “This is a building that sets the stage for activity, exploration, and shared connection. It goes beyond just viewing exhibits and artifacts. When you walk out of this space, we hope you will look at the world a little differently.”
SmithGroup is providing integrated design services, including architecture, interior architecture, MEP engineering, landscape architecture, civil engineering, and life safety and fire protection engineering. SmithGroup is collaborating with Continuum Architects + Planners on architecture and interiors. Ralph Appelbaum Associates is the exhibit designer. GRAEF is serving as the structural engineer.